This outlook is strengthened by the fact that a major thrust of the anti terrorism law has been on public figures, opposition leaders, and journalists. Ethiopias highly controversial antiterrorism law, proclamation no. An act to amend the criminal code, the official secrets act, the canada evidence act, the proceeds. Ccpa analysis of bill c36 an act to combat terrorism. The government of ethiopia routinely uses its vague and overly broad antiterrorism law to stifle freedom of expression and. The omnibus bill citation needed extended the powers of government and institutions within the canadian security establishment to respond to the threat. On october 17, 2001 the financial anti terrorism act passed the house of representatives. It received royal assent on december 18, 2001, as bill c36. Canada counterterrorism legislation legislationline.
Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. National antiterrorism coordinating committee 1in order to prevent and control terrorist acts a national antiterrorism coordination committee comprising the heads of the ministry of justice, national intelligence and security service and federal police shall be established. Prevention of terrorism 9 8 upon expiry of the period referred to in subsection 1, the person shall report to the nearest police station for removal of the electronic monitoring device. The bill amends the criminal code of canada the criminal code and the canadian securityread more.
Analysis of ethiopias draft antiterrorism law human. Anti terrorism amendment act, 2012 act 842 arrangement of sections j section 1. Sep 03, 2012 unlike zenawis antiterrorism diktat, the patriot act had significant limitations in itself, including sunset provisions expiration dates of december 31, 2005 on a number of issues including wiretapping, sharing foreign intelligence information, seizure of voicemail emergency disclosure of electronic surveillance. Xxvii of 1997 dated 20 th august, 1997 an act to provide for the prevention of terrorism, sectarian violence and for speedy trial of heinous offences.
Pdf the impact of ethiopias antiterrorism law on freedom. Those seeking to launder proceeds of crime or, raise, transfer and use funds for terrorism purposes, try to exploit some of these strengths. Terrorism by anti terrorism law lately, meles zenawi, the dictator in ethiopia, has been rounding up dissidents, journalists, opposition party political leaders and members under a diktat known as antiterrorism proclamation no. Article 3 of ethiopia s antiterrorism law defines terrorist acts as follows. Antiterrorism act, 2015, further protects canadians from everevolving terrorist threat. Since ethiopia is still in the infancy of its democratic republic issues, regarding free speech, have rarely been addressed or have been of issue in the seventeen yearold nation. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Since 2008, the government of ethiopia has implemented a proselytization project aimed at establishing ahbash as the one statesanctioned sect of islam. Canadas antiterrorism laws in violation of international. Ethiopia s intervention in somalia in december 2006 temporarily secured the transitional governments position, but this appears to have sown the seed for a future. Public views on the antiterrorism act formerly bill c36.
Ethiopia free speech and free press around the world. This article analyses the impact of ethiopias antiterrorism law on the enjoyment of the right to freedom of expression and information. But first it will tell the stories of just a small number of those unjustly targeted by the law. Fulfilling commitments to address former c51 canada. An act to amend the criminal code, the official secrets act, the canada evidence act, the proceeds of crime money laundering act and other acts, and to enact measures respecting the registration of charities, in order to combat terrorism. This is the conclusion reached by the united nations, the worlds leading democracies, international human rights organizations, and numerous other groups. The usa act and the financial anti terrorism act were combined to become the usa patriot act on october 26, 2001.
Nature of terrorism and antiterrorism laws in nigeria. The impact of antiterrorism law on human rights justice. Harper government welcomes the royal assent of the antiterrorism. Appraisal of its compatibility with regional and international counterterrorism instruments wondwossen demissie kassa abstract while regional and international human rights institutions claim that the definition of a terrorist act under the anti terrorism proclamation no. Possessing and dealing with proceeds of terrorist act whosoever. Congress passed the public health security and bioterrorism preparedness and response act of 2002 the bioterrorism act. Anti terrorism act, 2002, 2002 uganda legal information institute. The antiterrorism act of 1987 and american freedoms. June 18, 2015 ottawa, ontario public safety canada. Jun 18, 2015 canadas antiterrorism act, bill c51 the act received royal assent on june 18, 2015. The security of freedom essays on canadas antiterrorism bill, edited by ronald.
New democrat mp randall garrison is putting together a bill aimed at repealing anti terrorism measures brought in by. This paper analyses ethiopias draft antiterrorism proclamation the draft proclamation and assesses to what extent the proposed law on its face conforms to international human rights standards. The report examines how the law, enacted in 2009, is a tool of repression, designed and used by the ethiopian government to silence its critics. The proclamation was adopted on 7 july 2009 and came into force upon its publication in the federal negarit gazeta of the federal. This bill would imperil fundamental rights enshrined. Nov 20, 2001 canadian antiterrorism law attacks democratic rights by francois legras 20 november 2001 canadas liberal government is rushing to enact an antiterrorism bill that breaks with key. This diktat approved on a 28691 vote of the rubberstamp parliament is so arbitrary and capricious that human rights watch. Fda bioterrorism regulations summary of bioterrorism act of 2002 and its effect on u. An act to provide measures to combat terrorism and for connected matters. But first it will tell the stories of just a small number of those unjustly targeted by the. A tool to stifle dissent, authored by lawyers from leading international law firms, provides an indepth and damning analysis of ethiopia s anti terrorism proclamation. The views of canadian scholars on the impact of the anti terrorism act 2 research and statistics division department of justice canada belief that he was affiliated with the alqaeda terrorist network.
Loi antiterroriste the act was passed by the parliament of canada in response to the september 11, 2001, attacks in. Canadian antiterrorism law attacks democratic rights. Council arise to reform anti terrorism, media law ethiopia. Adopted by parliament following the attacks of september 11, 2001, the antiterrorism act ata amended the criminal code, the official secrets act, the canada evidence act, the proceeds of crime money laundering act and a number of other acts. Senior police officers enhance knowledge on humanitarian principles ethiopia. Pa rt iii inquiries prevention of terrorism board 8. A qualitative study 2 research and statistics division department of justice canada key findings awareness of the anti terrorism legislation was generally low, with about only half of the participants in each group saying, when prompted, that they were aware of some aspects of the. It was not a standalone act, but rather an amending statute. Loi antiterroriste the act was passed by the parliament of canada in response to the september 11, 2001, attacks in the united states. This act may be cited as the anti terrorism act 2005. On december 22, 1987, congress passed the anti terrorism act of 1987 the act.
Hence, terrorism remained undefined under nigerian law for a long time. Public views of the antiterrorism act formerly bill c. I am pleased to present this strategy, building resilience against terrorism, which sets out canadas. The antiterrorism act, 2015 also known as bill c51 is an act of the parliament of canada passed by the harper government that broadened the authority of canadian government agencies to share information about individuals easily. There is a great deal of controversy surrounding this new law. Intelligence reform and terrorism prevention act of 2004. Definitions under the new act are quite broad and as a result there is great uncertainty as to what is considered dissension and. Unlike zenawis anti terrorism diktat, the patriot act had significant limitations in itself, including sunset provisions expiration dates of december 31, 2005 on a number of issues including wiretapping, sharing foreign intelligence information, seizure of voicemail emergency disclosure of electronic surveillance. Anti terrorism act, 2002, 2002 uganda legal information. Whereas the constitution recognizes the general rules of international law and treaties or convention ratified by kenya to be part of the laws of kenya.
Ethiopias antiterrorism proclamation and the right to. Government bill house of commons c36 371 royal assent anti terrorism act parliament of canada. Whereas the republic of kenya has enacted the prevention of terrorism act, 2012, the prevention of organized crimes act, 2010 and the proceeds of crime and anti money laundering act, 2009. In syria, he was imprisoned and allegedly tortured and brutalized for more than ten months. The impact of ethiopias antiterrorism law on freedom of. The antiterrorism act was passed by parliament in response to the terrorist attacks in new york city and washington, dc, on 11 september 2001. Prevention of terrorism 1 prevention of terrorism bill 2015. Offences under this act not deemed to be offences of a political character.
Instead, yonatan tesfaye, a former spokesman of the semayawi blue party, was detained in december 2015 on charges under article 4 of ethiopia s anti terrorism. Jan 20, 2011 a proclamation on anti terrorism proclamation no. Treaty to be used as basis for mutual assistance in criminal matters. The proclamation was adopted on 7 july 2009 and came into force upon its publication in the federal negarit gazeta of the federal democratic republic of ethiopia official gazette 15th year no. Antiterrorism act the act was proclaimed in force not as a whole but in individual sections or parts over a few years, and is not so much a selfcontained act as a series of amendments to existing acts. Canada s anti money laundering and anti terrorist financing regime canada has a stable and open economy, an accessible and advanced financial system, and strong democratic institutions. Whereas canadians and people everywhere are entitled to live their lives in peace, freedom and security. The government used the input provided by canadians during its unprecedented public consultations on national security to follow through on its commitment to amend the problematic elements of the anti terrorism act, 2015 former bill c51. Bill c51 the bill, which was sponsored by the minister of public safety and emergency preparedness the minister steven blaney, received royal assent on june 18, 2015. Eleven journalists have been convicted and sentenced since 2011 under ethiopia s repressive anti terrorism law, including six in absentia.
Nigeria anti terrorism act 2011 pdf exchange of information relating to terrorist groups and terrorist acts. Antiterrorism act as of 2015 in english and french 20150507 en pdf. It also enacted the charities registration security information act. This diktat approved on a 28691 vote of the rubberstamp parliament is so arbitrary and. Whereas, terrorism is a danger to the peace, security and development of the country and a serious threat to the peace and security of the world at large. An act to amend the antiterrorism act, 2007 enacted by the parliament of zambia.
This webpage contains legislative acts concerning topic. It is herby enacted as 1997 short title and commencement. The identity of those suspected for terrorism and arrested based on the law also gave this institutions a reason to take ethiopia a regular destination for their condemnations. It makes significant and controversial changes to national security, anti terrorism, and privacy law. Subsidiary legislation prevention of terrorism act page. The canadian antiterrorism act provides measures for the government of canada to create a list of entities that. Terrorism by antiterrorism law lately, meles zenawi, the dictator in ethiopia, has been rounding up dissidents, journalists, opposition party political leaders and members under a diktat known as antiterrorism proclamation no. Provision of services for commission of terrorist acts. Antiterrorism, crime and security act 2001, introductory text is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 17 may 2020. Ethiopian antiterrorism law archives ethiopian legal brief. Some people believe it infringes the individuals rights under the canadian charter of rights and freedoms. We write to urge you to vote no to bill c51, canadas proposed antiterrorism act, 2015.
The sentences handed down today, including 18 years for eskinder and life imprisonment for the opposition leader andualem arage, are extremely harsh and reinforce our serious questions about the politicized use of ethiopias antiterrorism law in this and other cases. An act or omission in or outside nigeria which constitutes an office within the scope of a. The suspicious relationship between the public and the judiciary system sets a series of questions on whatever measures taken by the system can be fair based on the anti terrorism law. The scope of definition of a terrorist act under ethiopian law. Amnesty international, human rights watch, committee to protect journalists cpj, all have openly criticized ethiopia for adopting the anti terrorism proclamation. On wednesday 17 july 20, members of the european parliaments subcommittee on human rights visited ethiopia and urged the government to release journalists and opposition activists imprisoned under the countrys anti terrorism proclamation no. Information and investigations relating to terrorism, etc. This act may be cited as the antiterrorism amendment act, 2015, and shall be read as one with the antiterrorism act, 2007, in this act referred to as the principal act. Extraterritorial jurisdiction of uganda courts in relation to offences under this act. Rather than focusing only on sp ecific acts of terrorism, the government has adopted a generalized approach that is far reaching and unwieldy. While certain articles of canada s anti terrorism act have been altered by court decisions khawaja definition of terrorism. The absence of a specific anti terrorism law to prosecute terrorism related cases had been a clog on prosecution of terrorism related cases, but with the enactment of the terrorism prevention act 2011, this obstacle has been overcome. Ethiopia recognized the right to freedom of expression and information by ratifying the international covenant on civil and political rights iccpr in 1993. Ethiopias antiterrorism proclamation and the right to freedom of expression.
Jun 30, 2009 analysis of ethiopias draft antiterrorism law. The committee recommended in its concluding observations that. Human rights, terrorism and counterterrorism ohchr. Obama has expressed keen interest in learning from ethiopia s counterterrorism and counterinsurgency strategies. The purpose of the bioterrorism act is to allow the food and drug administration fda and other authorities to. The definition in bill c 36 has three main elements. A tool to stifle dissent, authored by lawyers from leading international law firms, provides an indepth and damning analysis of ethiopias antiterrorism proclamation. The canadian anti terrorism act provides measures for the government of canada to create a list of entities that.
United nations general assembly resolution 541 10 of 09 december, measures to eliminate. Collection or provision of property to commit terrorist acts. This report compiles and elaborates on the extensive factual and legal findings of the laws critics, as well as the ethiopian governments misuse of the law. An act to suppress acts of terrorism, to provide for the punishment of persons who plan, instigate, support, finance or execute acts of terrorism. Abadir gave highlights on why it was needed to enact anti terrorism proclamation in ethiopia, the challenges one country can face on fighting terror, conditions that limits the exercise of human rights when one is detained as a terrorist due process rights, personal liberty rights, democratic and political rights and group rights were. However, the 2009 passage of the anti terrorism act by the ethiopian parliament has hindered free expression and the freedom of the people to assemble. The appellate court vacated and remanded the district courts ruling that arab bank could be held liable under the anti terrorism act ata for injuries acquired through terrorist attacks in israel conducted by hamas, given the banks provision of financial services to the organization. Whereas it is expedient to provide for the prevention of terrorism, sectarian violence and for speedy trial of heinous offences and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto. An act to amend the law relating to terrorist acts, and for other purposes.333 1564 705 1570 206 1290 522 515 591 519 275 621 588 1625 1281 278 658 1595 502 748 1293 552 898 64 1540 545 49 31 407 726 1414 1316 24 984 1452